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Küreselleşme Tartışmaları: Dünya Üniversiteleri Sıralamaları ve Çok Uluslu Yayıncılık Türkiye Açısından Değerlendirmeler

Diğer Başlık: “Globalization” Matters: World University Ranking Systems And Corporate Publishing; the case in Turkey

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 20-01-2011

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: Türkçe

Konu(lar): EĞİTİM,

Yazar(lar): Batum Menteşe, Oya (Yazar),

Emeği Geçen(ler):

Yayın Tarihi: 24-01-2011

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Anahtar Kelimeler KüreselleşmeOya Batum MenteşeÜniversite SıralamasıUral AkbulutGlobalizationUniversity Ranking
Özet The article begins by giving a brief definition of “globalization” as the super-structure of post-industrial capitalism and emphasizes that the new “global” institutions of post-industrial capitalism have infiltrated national institutions with their newly created norms and discourse and have created global competition in every field from which it is no longer possible to escape as it has become a matter of survival.The effects of globalization have had both positive and negative results in relation to local national institutions. The paper specifically deals with two such institutions in Turkey, the “University” which is now becoming a global player by adhering to the norms and standard of “world university ranking” institutions and literary publishing, or publishing in general which is threatened by international “corporate publishing”. In a symposium which took place at Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey on December 31st 2010, the coordinators of influential world university “Ranking” institutions shared their “Ranking” and “benchmarking” standards with audiences made up of academics of various universities.World university “Ranking” institutions are by no means “corporate” institutions in the sense that they seek profit by global expansion or growth, but they are becoming globally powerful and influential and creating global competitiveness by imposing standardization based on a new set of values. Furthermore these institutions by giving precedence to science and technology over arts and humanities are serving the ends of corporate industries. As a result, the concept of the “holistic” university is destroyed and one-sided universities or techno-universities are created. (Reference here, has been made to a 2009 article by Stanley Fish titled “The Last Professors” published in New York Times and another by Terry Eagleton published in The Guardian on 17 December 2010 titled “The Death of Universities”.)For Turkish universities which have to abide by the standards of global university “Ranking” systems in order to be globally competitive and acceptable, there are two major losses. Firstly, the necessity to published in English will inevitably hinder the development of Turkish as an academic language, a language of science and technology and it will no longer be possible to argue in favour of “education in the mother tongue” in higher education institutions. Secondly, the students will solely be oriented towards career training with no concern for what was once called “improvement of minds”, which will lead to the decline of the Humanities in universities. The second topic discussed in the essay, in relation to “globalization” is the effect of “corporate publishing” on literary out-put. On 24-26 November 2010 a conference took place titled “Globalization: Transnationalism and Narration” at Doğuş University in İstanbul, Turkey. A paper delivered by Prof. Suman Gupta of Open University, London proved to be most interesting. The title of the paper was “The Avant-Garde in a Globalized World” . Gupta in his paper claimed that in the post-modern world, the avant-garde in the arts and literature was not possible, (By avant-garde Prof. Gupta means the radically new which has a subversive power) because of corporate publishing. Prof. Gupta claimed that globalized publishing companies have already infiltrated the Anglophone world, where anything new is no longer possible because the market is heavily structured. The avant-garde as the literature of experimentation, has the power to turn over the means of production and if norms are set, the avant-garde is not possible. To Gupta globalized “corporate publishing” has left no space for the radically new, for the market is moulded by the discourse of “corporate publishing” long before the text is written.Prof. Gupta further claimed that “corporate publishing” felt threatened by third ,world local or self-publishing companies, and wished to control the local out-put and share their profit by establishing “sister” companies in these countries.The recent observable changes in Turkey in the publishing sector indicate that “corporate publishing” is also becoming influencial on the Turkish book market, if not perhaps, by actually becoming owners of companies but by making their discourse and standards dominant. Perhaps now is the time to pay attention to what anti-globalization organizations are trying to tell us.Key-words: globalization; world-university ranking; global-player; global competition: standardization; new discourse: corporate-publishing: avant-garde.


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