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The State Of Nature And Mimetic Desire As Conducive To The State Of Rivalry In Shakespeare’s Tragedies: Tıtus Andronıcus, Macbeth, And Kıng Lear

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 21-03-2019

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Tez

Alt Tür: Doktora

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmamış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): İngiliz edebiyatı, SOSYAL BİLİMLER (GENEL),

Yazar(lar): Balkaya, Mehmet Akif (Yazar),

Emeği Geçen(ler): Canlı, Gülsen (Danışman),

Anahtar Kelimeler

William Shakespeare, the State of Nature, the State of Rivalry, MimeticDesire, Thomas Hobbes.


Özet

The aim of this dissertation is to study William Shakespeare’s Titus Andronicus(1594), Macbeth (1606), and King Lear (1608) as examples of the state of rivalrywhich, as the study asserts, is related to Thomas Hobbes’ theory of the state of natureand René Girard’s theory of mimetic desire. To this end, the state of nature, mimeticdesire, and the state of rivalry are studied along with their origins, definitions, types,and characteristics. The state of nature refers to the state of a man 1 who is egotistic andself-preserving. A man in this state believes in equality by birth. In this state, man isat war against another, as there is no (or lack of) authority to keep everyone secure.However, even in a civil society under the dominion of authority, there may be humanbeings who are in that state. They may secretly put manipulative plans into action forpersonal gains. Such an authority constructs order with the help of civil laws to preventany disobedience and civil strife. During a time of disobedience, this condition mayspread like a contagious disease. Among the reasons that lead to such a conflict in thestate of nature, for Hobbes, are competition, diffidence, and glory. These notions areparallel with mimetic desire. Mimetic desire refers to man’s mediated desire for anobject. Imitating a mediator brings forth rivalry, as the desired object ascertainscompetition. Therefore, mimetic desire has a triangular structure: mediator as themodel, the desirer, and the desired object. The study concludes that the characteristicsof and the relationship between the state of nature and mimetic desire are conduciveto the state of rivalry, as will be analyzed in Shakespeare’s selected three tragedies.


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