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DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN SECURITY IN SOMALIA 1991-2000

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 29-09-2016

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Tez

Alt Tür: Yüksek Lisans Tezi

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmamış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): Uluslararası ilişkiler,

Yazar(lar): Abshir, İbrahim Ali (Yazar),

Emeği Geçen(ler): Aygül, Cenk (Danışman),

Anahtar Kelimeler

Human Security in Somalia, Human Security, Somali Civil War, The causes of Famine in Somalia, Somali State collapsing


Özet

In 1960, Somalia got its independence from the colonial countries of Italy and British. After the independence Somalia was experienced nine years of democracy. In 1969, military coup led Major General Mohamed Siad Barre was happened in the country, and he accused the civil government for corruption, nepotism, bias and the government and its institutions failed to meet the expectations of the people and also government failed to control the increasing poverty in the society.The regime was made the situation worse after they suspended all political parties, outlawed the constitution and dissolved the national parliamentary, and arrested the Prime Minister of the previous government and the regime also announced scientific socialism system. The military government declared the elimination of clan system in the country but they did the opposite. In 1970‟s, the regime introduced an intelligence agency which used torture and detention to suppress opposition and curtail civil rights. In 1977, the regime entered war against Ethiopia for Ogaden region but the consequences hundreds of thousands of Somali refugee over the border into Somalia. In 1978 government executed seventeen military officers who organized the failed coup, some officers manage to escape and later create military movements against military of the government. In between 1978-1988, the military government attacked northeast and northwest regions of the country and killed thousands and displaced other thousands of innocent citizens because of some of opposition leaders were from those areas. In 1991, oppositions manage to oust the power from the military regime. Power struggle between the warlords of the different clans killed and wounded thousands of Somali civilians. During 1992, drought and famine began in the most regions of the country. A footprint of the civil war still remains and can easy see in the country, thousands of innocent people died and other displaced. As we can see since the day Somalia got its independence there was violation in human security, and in 1991, the situation of the human security in Somalia became worse than the previous governments. So many innocent people died and misplaced and still they don‟t have all basic thing of human security such as freedom from fear and freedom from want.


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